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Resources in New York Public Libraries
Serials and Monographs: Description and Travel
Bailey, Henry. Travel and adventures in the Congo Free State
and its big game shooting, by Bula N'Zau [pseud.]. Illustrated
from the author's sketches, with map. London: Chapman & Hall, 1894.
xiv, 335 p. illus., map (fold.) 23 cm. Introduction signed: Henry
Bentley, William Holman, 1855-1905. Life on the Congo.
London: Religious Tract Society, 1893. 128 p. illus. 19 cm. Bentley
relates his life as a missionary on the Congo River in this relatively
early descriptive work.
Burrows, Guy. The land of the pigmies. With introduction
by H.M. Stanley, M.P. with illustrations from photographs and sketches
by the author. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Company, . xxx,
3-299,  plate (front.): ill., ports.; 24 cm. See below under
"Politics" for a discussion of Guy Burrows.
Hertogh, A. de. Le Congo belge; notre colonie. Bruxelles:
A. de Boeck, 1910. 143 p. illus., music, ports. This oversize picture
book has terrific photographs of the terrain and peoples of the
Congo. It must have been irresistible to young James Chapin. Notable
are pictures of people tapping wild rubber vines and lining up with
their baskets of rubber. The people of the Congo were taxed by Leopold's
government, and paid these taxes with such baskets of rubber. By
most accounts, it took approximately twenty days each month to gather
enough rubber to pay one family's taxes.
Jephson, A. J. Mounteney. Emin Pasha and the rebellion at the
equator; a story of nine months' experience in the last of the Soudan
provinces. With the revision and cooperation of Henry M. Stanley.
New York: C. Scribner's Sons, [c1890]. xxiv, 490 p. front., illus.,
plates, ports., plan, fold. map, facsim. 23 cm.
Johnson, T. Broadwood. Tramps round the Mountains of the Moon
and through the back gate of the Congo State. London: T. F.
Unwin, 1908. xxiii, 316 p. front., illus., 31 pl., map. 21 cm. Typical
of the adventure travel books written about the Congo at the time;
the cover of this book shows turbanned and fezzed men proudly displaying
a haul of ivory; ivory was the first massively exploited natural
resource of the Congo.
Stanley, Henry M. How I found Livingstone: travels, adventures
and discoveries in Central Africa: including an account of four
months' residence with Dr. Livingstone. With maps and illustrations
after drawings by the author. New York: Scribner, Armstrong & Co.,
1872. xxiii, 736 p. illus., maps, fold. plan. 23 cm.
Stanley, Henry M. Through the Dark continent: or, The sources
of the Nile around the great lakes of equatorial Africa, and down
the Livingstone River to the Atlantic Ocean. With ten maps and
one hundred and fifty woodcuts. New York, Harper & Brothers, 1878.
2 v. illus., maps, plates, ports. 23 cm.
Stanley, Henry M. The Congo and the founding of its free state;
a story of work and exploration. With over one hundred full-page
and smaller illustrations, two large maps, and several smaller ones.
New York, Harper & Brothers, 1885. 2 v. fronts., illus., plates,
ports., maps (part fold.) plan. 23 cm.
Stanley, Henry M. In darkest Africa: or, The quest, rescue
and retreat of Emin, governor of Equatoria ... With one hundred
and fifty woodcut illustrations and maps. New York: Chas. Scribner's
Sons, 1890. 2 v. front., illus., plates, ports, maps. (part col.),
Stanley, Henry M. The autobiography of Sir Henry Morton
Stanley. Edited by his wife, Dorothy Stanley. Boston: Houghton
Mifflin . 551 p. illus., facsim., folded map., ports.
>Stanley seems to have been a cruel and conflicted
man. His many biographies cite numerous lies he told about himself
and his background, chief among them, that he was an American (he
was born in Wales and raised in a workhouse) and that his name was
Henry Morton Stanley (he was born John Rowlands). An opportunist
of the highest order, he was a journalist when he first went to
Africa, to find David Livingstone. Every time he returned from the
Congo, he wrote a two-volume book, in which he depicts himself as
revered by the natives, admired by his men, intrepid and compassionate.
Books and diaries written by men who served under him on these expeditions,
and even his own letters and journals, often contradicted this depiction,
casting Stanley as a ruthless bully who used men like tools. During
his last large expedition, he looted and burned villages and killed
the Congolese without thought. One of his officers packed the severed
head of an African in a box of salt and sent it to a taxidermist
in London (Hochschild p. 99).
Ward, Herbert. Five years with the Congo cannibals. London:
Chatto & Windus, 1891. xv, 308 p. ill. 25 cm. Typical of the era,
this book is heavily illustrated and larded with anecdotes about
"funny" native practices, run-ins with big game, and description
of flora. In books such as this one, the authors try to be objective
observers - they attempt to be neither patronizing nor critical,
but merely to document the oral traditions, rituals, and daily life
of a "primitive" culture. These books seem to us, in 1999, to be
both patronizing and critical, but it is unkind to judge these writers
too harshly. It is very difficult to maintain objectivity when observing
other human beings, and it was obviously more so "back then," when
the world was smaller.