Return to Annotated
Resources in New York Public Libraries
The New York Public Library's catalog reveals a dense array of
printed materials on the Congo published between 1895 and 1909.
Many of these books are in the Library's main stacks, but most should
not be, owing to their condition and rarity. AMNH has a disproportionately
large collection of Congo material published between 1875 and 1909:
it's likely that these books were purchased for or by Herbert Lang.
In some cases, the catalog record is noted thusly. Like the books
in the NYPL collection, many of these are in precarious condition,
but are consulted so infrequently that they may be safe in the Main
Stacks. Columbia's collection is extremely sparse, and mostly duplicated
by the NYPL.
Also included in this list of resources are the headlines of articles
on the Congo that appeared in the New York Times and the
New York Herald. Other New York papers, such as the New
York American and the Brooklyn Daily Standard, also printed
articles on the Congo, but the Herald was at the time the
New York paper with the best international coverage, and the Times,
then as now, was the newspaper of record.
Maps listed are from the Map Division of the New York Public Library
unless noted. Most of the books consulted had fold-out maps, some
in color. The researcher would do well to compare these privately-made
maps (with their inherent political biases) with the official maps
of the Congo Free State (with their inherent political biases).
When consulting the catalogs of the NYPL and Columbia library,
it is important to check the Dictionary Catalog or card catalog
as well as the Online Public Access Catalog (CATNYP at NYPL; CLIO
at Columbia). Many older works have not made it into the online
The online catalogs are available as follows:
Lastly, the researcher will do well to remember these various
names for the area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo:
Congo Free State
Etat Independant du Congo (or in some cases l'Etat Independent