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Resources in New York Public Libraries

Secondary sources

Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's Ghost: a story of greed, terror, and heroism in colonial Africa. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, c1998. This book, concentrating on the politics of the Congo and the Congo Reform Movement, is exceptionally well-researched and a clear, compelling read. Hochschild's bibliography is especially good.

Osborn, Henry Fairfield. "The Congo Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History." In Scientific results of the Congo Expedition, Ornithology, volume 1. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1915. Osborn's article, prefacing a deluxe edition of the collected publications (AMNH Bulletins and Novitates) of the American Museum Congo Expedition, lists previous research in the area, gives an itinerary of our boys' progress, and reprints certain letters exchanged between the Congo Free State government and the Museum.

Schildkrout, Enid; Keim, Curtis A; and the American Museum of Natural History. African reflections: Art from Northeastern Zaire. Seattle: University of Washington Press; New York: American Museum of Natural History, c1990. The only secondary source about the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. The first few chapters discuss the history of scientific fieldwork in the Congo and the genesis of the Expedition. Politics are largely avoided in this text.

Singleton-Gates, Peter and Girodias, Maurice. The black diaries: an account of Roger Casement's life and times with a collection of his diaries and public writings. Paris: Olympia Press, c1959. The only English-language source for Roger Casement's Congo Report made to the British Foreign Office in 1903, this book also publishes some of Casement's riveting firsthand observations about conditions in the Congo.